Designing Grid System
A grid is a framework for arranging layout in graphic design and other forms of design. Grids come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and they all have different purposes. Here are a few of the most notable examples:
Baseline Grid: A baseline grid is an entire grid of evenly spaced horizontal lines determining where the text will be positioned on a page. To ensure that the lines of text in each column correspond equally over a spread, baseline grids are often used in conjunction with column grids. A sheet of ruled paper, which you probably used in college, is a basic illustration of a baseline grid.
Column Grid: The most prominent grid used by graphic and web designers is this one. It entails dividing a page into several vertical districts, to which objects are then aligned. Column grids are commonly used in different publications. The Column grid is most commonly used to design flyers, invitation cards and large poster printing.
Modular Grid: A modular grid is a kind of extension of the column grid that entails taking a column grid and adding rows. Intersecting rows and columns form modules, which can be used to guide layout outcomes. Modular grids are often used in magazines and business papers.
Manuscript Grid: This is a one-column grid that virtually defines where the text will appear on the screen. A manuscript grid is used in classic novels, with the layouts of similar pages mirroring one another.
Pixel grid: If you have ever zoomed in close to a Photoshop document, a pixel grid might have appeared. Designers often get in close to edit images pixel-by-pixel on digital displays made up of a microscopic grid of millions of pixels.
Hierarchical Grid: Any distinctive grid that accommodates unique content needs is referred to as a hierarchical grid. A hierarchical grid can be entirely freeform, or it can be made up of two grids superimposed on top of each other or other grid elements.
Essential Tips for Using a Grid
Here are some essential tips you should know while using a grid for graphic design services;
1. Consider How the Grid Can Relate to Its Container.
It's crucial to consider how the grid can relate to its frame. The way the grid's margins are configured can significantly affect how the grid functions, both technically and aesthetically.
2. Don't Just Use a Grid; Build Your Grid.
It's tempting to start with your regular grid when creating a new document to design a publication or website, maybe several columns you are used to or a gutter width you often use. However, it's worth remaining on paper and figuring out what kind of grid your project needs. It will prevent you from being stuck in a grid that isn't relevant to the task at hand.
3. Always Commence and End Elements in a Grid Area Rather Than in the Gutter.
To separate objects, use the gutter, which is the space between columns. Of course, text and graphics can span several columns, but they should start and end at the column's edge, not in the gutter.
4. Don't Forget to Synchronize the Baselines:
A column-based template ensures all of the text adheres to a consistent baseline and will make a significant difference in the page's sense of conformity and organization. In web design, baseline alignment is often ignored, but it is possible to achieve proper planning.